Halitosis: A Common Oral Problem
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Andrew I. Spielman, DMD, PhD; Patrick Bivona, DDS; Barry R. Rifkin, DDS, PhD
New York State Dental Journal
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Halitosis is primarily caused by bacteria and volatile sulfur compounds. Ninety percent of patients that suffer from halitosis have oral causes such as poor oral hygiene, periodontal disease, a coating on the surface of the tongue, food impaction, unclean dentures, oral carcinomas, and throat infections. The remaining 10 percent of individuals that suffer from halitosis have systemic causes that include renal or hepatic failure, diabetes or trimethylaminuria. Management of halitosis involves maintaining proper oral hygiene and periodontal treatment including tongue brushing. This article covers all of these halitosis related concepts.