Low Salivary Flow and Volatile Sulfur Compounds in Mouth Air
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Shinjiro Koshimune, DDS; Shuji Awano, DDS, PhD; Kenjiro Gohara, DDS; Eriko Kurihara, DDS; Toshihiro Ansai, DDS, PhD; Tadamichi Takehara, DDS, PhD
Oral Surgery, Oral Medicine, Oral Pathology, Oral Radiology, and Endodontics
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The purpose of this study was to determine whether a reduction of salivary flow, also known as dry mouth, would influence the production of bad breath causing volatile sulfur compounds. A total of 174 participants were evaluated. The results of the study indicated that those participants with extremely low resting salivary flow rates had significantly higher concentrations and a coating of the tongue than those participants with a higher resting salivary flow. Additionally those patients prone to a drier mouth had a thicker tongue coating and greater pocket depths within their gums.